”No nation is fit to sit in the judgment upon any other nation” Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson was the American president during the first world war. He was born in Virginia during the year 1856 and died in February 4th in the year the 1924. He won election in 1912 with 42% of the vote. During the World war his slogan was ”He kept us out of war” and was reelected in 1916. However after the discovery of the Zimmerman telegraph which was a message from Germany to the Mexicans asking them to declare war on America and the sinking of the Lusitania a commercial ship sunk by German U-boats Woodrow Wilson asked congress for a deceleration of war in the year 1917 April 2nd. What Woodrow Wilson was most famous for however was his fourteen points which he gave at congress in January 1918 and was the terms in which Germany and the triple entrant signed an armistice. His fourteen points were based around the idea that governments should be able to make their own decisions that that everyone was given equal rights to live where they want and to be governed by whom they wanted. He was a pioneer in politics in his time campaigning for every one to have the chance for a Republic and to have the right to decide what happens. I chose him because I am fascinated with politics and how the world works and he was a very advanced person for his time which makes me want to learn more about how he was raised and what made him the person he was.
Wilson was married two times first to Ellen Louise Axson who was an extremely smart and talented artist. The two of them had three daughters. However Wilson had an affair while on a trip to Bermuda but the pair of them moved on from that incident. Ellen died in Wilson’s first year of office from kidney disease. A few months after his wives death he met a women named Edith Bolling Galt and by late December 1915 the two were married. Wilson trusted Edith with codes allowing her access to confidential war documents and allowed her to sit in many of his meetings in the oval office . After Wilson had his second stroke in October 1919 Edith hid how severe his illness was and started to make decisions for him, because of this Edith is considered to be the first female president.
There is very little that is similar between him and I apart from race and our views on war. He believed that instead of fighting people should create a council to stop war from happening and I think that war should never happen in the first place.
I chose him because of the good he did for his country and because he seemed to be a politicization that was ahead of his time. My only other reason for choosing him was that even though he brought America into the war he was more focused on finding Peace between countries than slaughtering his enemies and for that I think he deserves to be researched about.
The main differences between us are that I am English and he is an American and that he was a religious man and his faith was one of the reasons he wanted peace instead of war whereas I am somewhere between Agnostic and Atheist.
His fourteen points were as follows
1. No more secret agreements
2. Free navigation of all seas
3. An end to economic barriers between countries
4.Countries should lower weapon numbers
5. All decisions between colonies should be impartial
6. The German army must be removed from Russia
7.Belgium should be independent
8. France should be fully liberated
9.All Italians should be allowed to live in Italy
10.Self -determination should be allowed for everyone living in Austria-Hungary
11. Self-determination should be allowed to all Balkan states
12.The Turkish people should be governed by Turkish government
13.An independent Poland should be created
14. A league of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states
During the Treaty of Versailles instead of wanting Germany to be overly punished he wanted to keep the punishment to a minimum and try remove American soldiers and influence from Europe.
One of his greatest achievements apart from helping win the war was receiving the Nobel Peace prize in May 5th. He received the war for starting a League of Nations which was supposed to be a sort of UN. He created the league of nations to make sure that peace was ensured after the war ended. However the American senate did not allow America to enter the League of Nations and it thus never became a real organization.
He also signed the 19th amendment of the American constitution which gave women the right to vote. In fact when the women rights movement was starting he actively supported their cause and with members of the senate fought and won the right for women to vote.
My personal goal for what I want to get out of eminent is to mainly become a better at public speaking and although this isn’t directly related to my person it is the area in which I most want to improve. My other goal is to find out more about politics from the past and present so I can better understand how the world is governed.
My goal throughout the year are very simple, I want to become confident in sharing and talking about my work and projects I have done.
What I want to get out of the SFU trip is more knowledge about my eminent person and have the opportunity to find information at a college level
The thing that I enjoyed the most about the SFU trip was the museum that we went to. I did not like the taxidermy owls or the spiders because I have slight arachnophobia and the objects they used to replaced the eyes disgusted me, however I like the ivory sculptures despite their origin and the weapons display was extremely interesting featuring weapons from many different cultures. I also liked the different types of masks that were made by the Aboriginal groups in Canada. I learnt a lot about my imminent person thanks to the library such as he was declining in health ever since he became president. The most interesting fact I learnt however was that the garden in the middle of SFU is meant to represent all of the provinces of Canada.
The lunch that we had on campus was delicious. I can’t remember what the restaurant was called but I do remember that it was an Indian and all of the food tasted amazing. I sat with a mix of people from Morning and Afternoon, some of which I went to Middle school with. We didn’t eat much but instead played a game together on one of our phone’s. It was one of the most fun days that I have had so far in TALONS. I really hope that we have more trips like these that allow me to interact with my friends from the afternoon class.
Document of learning
Edward .M. House
I was Woodrow Wilson’s best friend and most trusted advisor until he traded our friendship for his second wife. I am Edward M. House and I was with the American President Woodrow Wilson from his first campaign to the treaty of Versailles. Woodrow and I were extremely close I helped him create the treaty of Versailles and his fourteen points. He was always an idealist and a pacifist constantly trying to keep our country out of war as the Germans sunk our boats and tried to get the Mexicans to declare war against us. I was with Woodrow Wilson throughout his entire presidency, through the death of his first wife Edith and through the horrible disappointment that was his League of Nations and through the creation of his fourteen points. At first he was my best friend but age and outside forces made us grow to resent one another.
The most important part of my former friend’s life was the treaty of Versailles in which Germany signed the armistice that ended the Great War. During the treaty Woodrow tried to sell his idea of the League of Nations to the ambassadors of France, Britain, Italy and Germany in this he succeeded but was betrayed by his own senate who ordered that America could not become a member of the League of Nations. His League of Nations was designed to create a council of countries that would keep the peace and prevent anything like the Great War from happening again. During the treaty of Versailles this brilliant man tried to stop the bloodlust of the French from destroying Germany and instead focused on trying to make the world a better place through his fourteen points however his valiant effort was in vain as the British, Italians and French all wanted Germany to pay for the full cost of the war.
His second biggest achievement was his fourteen points which was the basis on which the German forces decided to sign the Paris armistice. I worked alongside Woodrow in the creation of the points and got an amazing insight into how my former friend saw the world and how he believed the world should look like. He thought and this is just the opinion I got from working on his fourteen points that were designed to give everyone equal rights and to fix the horrible harm that the German army inflicted upon the world, that he thought making sure horrible acts don’t happen again through peaceful ways is more important than punishing people for the acts that he committed, this view unfortunately wasn’t shared by the rest of the ambassadors at the Paris Peace conferences. Now I think that he was a great man before his wife corrupted him but I feel like some of his beliefs were not his own and instead the ideas of his religion speaking through him but nonetheless those views still did the world a tremendous amount of good.
Near the end of the of the peace negotiations Woodrow became extremely agitated with all of his assistants and friends and even went as far as to fire most of his employees . I feel that it was partially because of the negative outcome from his League of Nations proposal but mainly from his declining health. Woodrow suffered from strokes in his later life and began to rely on his second wife instead of me his most trusted friend and advisor. Near the end of his presidency his wife began to run the country in his stead because of his declining health and completely took over control from this war hero. Even though Woodrow replaced me with his second wife I can still appreciate that she brought him happiness and peace unlike his first wife. His first wife Ellen Louise Axon bore him three daughters and over time the love they had for each other faltered causing the one moment in Woodrow’s life I disapprove of. He cheated on his first wife but was forgiven and lived happily with Ellen until the day she died.
I worked with this man for most of my life; I was with him from his greatest moments to his darkest. He used to be a great person capable of keeping a bloodthirsty nation at peace but near the end of his life he became a bitter husk constantly angry at the failure of his League of Nations and as his health declined his devil of a wife who ruined the closest friendship I’d ever had took over his office and the country. However he was a great man and if not for his skills at diplomacy I feel like the horrible event that was the Great War would have lasted a lot longer.
|Dec 1 (2 days ago)|
First, let me apologize for my tardy response to your questions. I was out of the office with bronchitis for more than a week and am just know getting caught up on my correspondence. Therefore, I will now do my best to answer your questions:
- As Wilson himself noted early in his Presidency, it was Col. House’s judgment he prized above all others and that was true for most of his time in office. His secret in becoming Wilson’s closest confidante seemed to lie in being able to confirm Wilson’s own thinking rather than coming up with new ideas. No intellectual, House was a great listener as well as a challenging but undemanding conversationalist. He could keep a confidence. His greatest talent seemed to be in tuning his temperament to Wilson’s and seldom striking a disagreeable note, seeming to want nothing for himself. That lack of greed kept him without a personal agenda in Wilson’s view. He was not afraid to speak his mind, but was careful never to disagree with the President. Over time, House became a rather unique figure in American History—a full-time unpaid adviser with total access to the President and answerable only to him.Wilson’s loss of confidence in Col. House came about primarily during the time of the Paris Peace Conference, particularly following Wilson’s illness that occurred in the early days of the Conference. House was at Wilson’s side through most of the meetings and represented the President when he was absent. With Wilson’s departure to return to the United States in February 1919, he discussed with House the role that he was to play during the President’s absence. House indicated to Wilson that he had four objectives related to the German situation that he believed he could resolve during the President’s 4 weeks back to the States. Wilson became concerned, even alarmed, at House’s suggested course of action and he began to perceive a change within House, an increasing sense of empowerment over the last few weeks. He was starting to believe some of the power and influence he had over Wilson that the European press was constantly writing about. In fact, Wilson never expected House to broker any deals in his absence, not did he desire him to do so. From this point on, there became a lessening of the strong friendship between the two men, often encouraged by his wife, Edith who had come to question House’s motives with regard to the President.
- Basically, Wilson created the 14 points as a basis for a permanent and long-term Peace Plan. What he was striving for was a new international order based upon broad and universal principles of right and justice. He believed that in raising his Fourteen Points he had raised the issues that affected the whole world, and unless they are dealt with in a spirit of unselfish and unbiased justice, with a view to the wishes, the natural connections, the racial aspirations, the security and the peace of mind of the peoples directly involved, no permanent peace an ever be obtained. Wilson firmly believed that national aspirations must be respected and people should be governed only by their own consent. He went on to explain in future speeches that “Self-determination is not a mere phrase. It is an imperative principle of action, which statesmen will henceforth ignore at their peril.” Many have argued that this principle of international relations has dominated American foreign policy for the ensuring century.
3. Despite an all out effort by the White House and the Democratic Party, the Treaty failed to pass the Senate by 7 votes. When Wilson was told the outcome by his assistant, he received the message stoically, saying only, “They have shamed us in the eyes of the world.” His doctor, Admiral Grayson later said that the President never truly believed the Treaty would be rejected, and it induced a deep depression in Wilson. He stewed over this situation for the rest of his life. He believed the League of Nations represented “the birth of the spirit of the times.”, and its foes would be held in the same regard in history as Benedict Arnold. He later wrote that “If I could have remained well long enough to have convinced the people that the League of Nations was their real hope, their last chance, perhaps to save civilization.”
I hope these answers help you with your speech. Best of luck with your effort.
Don Wilson (not related).
http://www.biography.com/people/woodrow-wilson-9534272#death-and-legacy In this website you will find information all about Woodrow Wilsons life. From his first campaign to his death and period of declining health.
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/treaty_of_versailles.htm In this website you will find information on the treaty of versailles which was where Germany signed the armistice that ended the great war. It also has some calculations of each countries casualties
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/woodrow_wilson1.htmOn this website you will find his fourteen points that were very helpful in the creating of my blog. It allowed me to gain an insight into what my eminent person believed in..
http://hollowverse.com/woodrow-wilson/ In this website you will find Woodrow Wilsons political and religious views. I used this website very little and only used it to find out what religion he followed.
http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/woodrowwilson In this website you will find many of his views and a description of his personality. This website was semi useful as it gave me the basic ideas of what my eminent person believed in.
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/about-woodrow-wilsonIn this website you will find some of his famous quotations and a long section dedicated to his entire life.
http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/leagueofnations.htm On this website I found his ideas for the Leauge of Nations which was very helpful because it gave me insight into how my person thought and what one of his most important moments was.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_M._House On this page I found the person on who I would do the point of view of my speech from. It describes his relationship to my eminent person and was really useful in deciding the tone of my speech.
http://www.nndb.com/people/072/000111736/ On this website you will find information about Woodrow Wilson’s best friend Edward M House who I did my speech perspective from. It contains basic facts about his life.